The International Civil Aviation Organization, known as ICAO, is a UN specialized agency, established by States in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation. ICAO works with the Convention’s 191 Member States and industry groups to reach consensus on international civil aviation Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and policies in support of a safe, efficient, secure, economically sustainable and environmentally responsible civil aviation sector. These SARPs and policies are used by ICAO Member States to ensure that their local civil aviation operations and regulations conform to global norms, which in turn permits more than 100,000 daily flights in aviation’s global network to operate safely and reliably in every region of the world.
In addition to its core work resolving consensus-driven international SARPs and policies among its Member States and industry, and among many other priorities and programmes, ICAO also coordinates assistance and capacity building for States in support of numerous aviation development objectives; produces global plans to coordinate multilateral strategic progress for safety and air navigation; monitors and reports on numerous air transport sector performance metrics; and audits States’ civil aviation oversight capabilities in the areas of safety and security.
An agreement reached by the 37th Session of the ICAO Assembly in October of 2010 invited Member States to submit national Action Plans to reduce C02 from international aviation. These plans were to cover the period up to 2050.
Transport Canada's Action Plan to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Aviation was released in 2012. NavCanada's President and CEO, Mr. John W. Crichton, was a signatour of the document. One of its three key measures expected to have the greatest environmental impact is identified as More Efficient Air Operations.
More efficient air operations includes direct tracks (the elimination of unnecessary distance flown), continuous descent from cruising level and continuous climb to cruising level.
The YYZ STARs reflect none of these efficiencies. How are Transport Canada and NAV CANADA aiming to achieve these obligations?